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Edible Mushrooms

Never pick and eat wild mushrooms unless they've been identified by an expert!

Here is a list of edible mushrooms. Many of these edible mushrooms presented here have toxic look-alikes and unless you are very experienced in mushroom identification, you can’t tell the difference between an edible mushroom and a poisonous one. Please read the disclaimer.

You can click on the pictures to enlarge them.

Suillus grevillei   (Larch Bolete)
Family
Boletaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 3-10 cm diameter, stem 5-7 cm tall * 1.5-2 cm diameter
Edibility

Description
Suillus grevillei, also known as Larch Bolete, is a vividly coloured bolete that is very common in grassland under larch trees. The mushroom is slimy, with a yellow cap, small pores and a whitish ring on the stem.

Cap coloured from citrus yellow to burnt orange, at first hemispherical, then bell-shaped, and finally flattened. It has a sticky skin, short tubes of yellow or brownish which descend down to the bottom of its cylindrical stalk. It is sticky or viscid when damp. The flesh is pallid lemon-yellow, unchanging, moderate, soft. Pores at first pallid lemon-yellow, becoming more ochraceous and tinged rust where bruised, angular, small. Tubes pallid yellow and slightly decurrent. Spores Yellowish brown. Stem cream-coloured turning to reddish-brown with a cream-white ring which is superior and pointing upwards.

Suillus grevillei on the www.first-nature.com web site.
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Suillus luteus   (Slippery Jack Bolete)
Family
Boletaceae
Location
North America, Europe, East Asia
Dimensions
Cap 5-10 cm diameter, stem 5-10 cm tall * 2-3 cm thick
Edibility

Description
Suillus luteus, also known as Slippery Jack Bolete, is a medium to large bolete with a slimy, brown cap and a short to stubby stem which has brown granular dots and a well-developed ring.

Cap chestnut, rusty, olive-brown, or dark brown in color. It has a distinctive conical shape, later flattening out. It is slimy to the touch, bare, smooth, and glossy even when dry, and the cuticle is easily peeled off. Flesh whitish with yellow tinge, unchanging, moderate and soft, unchanging when cut. Pores tiny, circular, initially yellow but turn olive to dark yellow with maturity. Like the skin of the cap, they can be readily peeled away from the flesh. Tubes concolourous with pores, adnate. Spores Ocher-brown. Stem pale yellow and more or less cylindrical but may bear a swollen base. A membranous partial veil initially links the stipe with the edge of the cap. When it ruptures, it forms a membranous, hanging ring with is at first whitish, darkening with age, vinaceous-brown below and large.

Suillus luteus on the Nature First Web site.
Suillus luteus on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.
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Suillus variegatus   (Variegated Bolete)
Family
Boletaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 6-13 cm diameter, stem 5-9 cm tall * 1.5-2 cm thick
Edibility

Description
Suillus variegatus, also known as the variegated bolete or velvet bolete is a tall-stemmed and fleshy bolete that rarely exhibits the sliminess that is characteristic of the genus suillus.

Cap sandy to rusty brown coloured. At first ovate and then convex. The skin can be removed. It has a freckly, downy surface in dry weather. Flesh pallid ochraceous and turns blue when cut and thumbed. Pores at first ochraceous with olivaceous tinge, becoming more cinnamon-brown with age, sometimes bluish where bruised. Tubes are dark ochraceous or buff, adnate. Stem smooth and firm. Mottled yellow to a brown-yellow and thicker at the base. The mushroom has no ring.

Similar species Suillus tomentosus is the equivalent species in western North America.

Suillus variegatus on the first-nature.com Web site.
Suillus tomentosus on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.
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Tricholoma flavovirens   (Edible Yellow Trich)
Family
Tricholomataceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 5-14 cm diameter, stem 5-10 cm tall * 1.5-2.5 cm diameter
Edibility

Description
Tricholoma flavovirens, also known as Edible Yellow Trich has a medium to large cap that is vivid yellow and brown at center. The gills are yellow.

Cap broadly convex or nearly flat, with an inrolled margin at first; expanding to broadly convex or flat, often with a broad, low, central hump. Pale yellow at first, then greenish-yellow to vivid yellow and usually remaining yellow on margin but gradually becoming brown from disk center outward. Flesh thick, firm; white or tinged with yellow under the cuticle. Gills notched around the apex of the stem, close, broad; edges become ragged with age. Stem more or less equal, or enlarged at base; solid or hollowed in age. Surface smooth to fibrillose; pale to light yellow.

Similar species Be sure to distinguish from Tricholoma sulphureum and from Tricholoma sejunctum, both of which are poisonous.

Tricholoma equestre (Tricholoma flavovirens) on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.
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Xerocomellus chrysenteron   (Red cracking bolete)
Family
Boletaceae
Location
North America and Europe
Dimensions
Cap 4-10 cm diameter, stem 4-10 cm tall * 1-2 cm diameter
Edibility

Description
Xerocomellus chrysenteron, also known as Boletus chrysenteron or Red cracking bolete, is one of the smaller less fleshy boletes. It has a convex, red-brown cap, with skin that tends to crack, revealing a red layer. The mushroom grows with deciduous trees on well-drained, humus-rich soil.

Cap convex, red-brown, often with red edge. The surface is often cracked showing a red underlayer. Pores pale yellow at first, later yellow to olive and stain slightly blue when cut or bruised. Stem bright yellow and the lower part is covered in coral-red fibrils and has a constant elliptical to fusiform diameter throughout its length. The mushroom has no ring.

Similar species Similar species include Hortiboletus rubellus, Xerocomus subtomentosus, Xerocomellus dryophilus, and Xerocomellus porosporus which it is easily separated on account of the whitish under layer and truncate (chopped off) spores.

Xerocomellus chrysenteron on the www.first-nature.com web site.
Xerocomellus chrysenteron on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.
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Xerocomus subtomentosus   (Yellow-cracking Bolete)
Family
Boletaceae
Location
North America, Europe, Asia, Australia
Dimensions
Cap 5-12 cm diameter, stem 3-8 cm tall * 1-2 cm diameter
Edibility

Description
This medium to large bolete is commonly known as suede bolete or yellow-cracked bolete. It has a brown cap, chrome-yellow pores, and yellowish stem and grows with a wide range of hardwood and conifer trees.

Cap pale olive or tan, initially convex before flattening with a velvety tan surface, often becoming cracked in age. The flesh is white or pallid yellow, with a faint brownish zone beneath the cap cuticle; it is unchanging, thick and soft. The pore surface is yellow, becoming olive-yellow with maturity and bruise blue or green before fading somewhat. Stem is a pallid cap color, sometimes with a brick-red tinge; it is slender and slightly bulbous. The mushroom has no ring. The flesh is similarly coloured as the cap but browner.

Similar species include Xerocomellus chrysenteron which has a reddish brown cap that cracks to reveal a red underlayer and Boletus pruinatus which is smaller.

Boletus subtomentosus on the www.first-nature.com web site.
Xerocomus subtomentosus on the MushroomExpert.Com web site.
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WARNING

If you plan to collect fungi to be eaten, misidentified mushrooms can make you sick or kill you. Never eat a mushroom that you are not 100% sure is edible. Use many resources, and be skeptical of your own conclusions. Please consider that many mushrooms take years of experience to identify reliably.

The site takes no responsibility for damage caused by ingesting poisonous mushrooms. If you continue, you agree to view this website under these terms.