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Inedible Mushrooms

Here is a list of inedible mushrooms. The mushrooms are not necessary poisonous, but useless as food.

Take in consideration that mushrooms can look different depending on the location and climate. The photos on this page may not be representable for species in your area.

Click on the pictures to enlarge them.

Lactarius camphoratus   (Curry Milkcap)
Family
Russulaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 2.5-5 cm diameter, stem 3-5 cm tall * 0.4-0.7 cm thick
Edibility
Inedible

Description
Lactarius camphoratus, also known as Curry Milkcap, is a smallish agaric with dark red-brown cap, pale gills and exudes white milk which savor of curry. It grows with conifers and deciduous trees, favouring acidic, well-drained soil.

Cap dark red-brown with central depression or umbo and a furrowed margin. Gills decurrent, medium-spaced and quite thick. Spores are white to cream colored. Stem is pallid and similarly coloured as the cap, more or less equal, and finely downy and becoming hollow. The mushroom has no ring.

Similar species Lactarius rufus and Lactarius helvus have a similar smell.

Lactarius camphoratus on the First Nature Web site.
Lactarius camphoratus on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.
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Lactarius lignyotus   (Velvet milkcap)
Family
Russulaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 2-10 cm diameter, stem 4-12 cm tall * 0.8 - 1.5 cm thick
Edibility
Inedible

Description
Lactarius lignyotus, also known as Velvet milkcap, is a dark brown, velvety Lactarius that grows under conifers and features fairly well-spaced gills, a long stem that is nearly as dark as the cap. It exudes white milk that usually stains the flesh and the gills pinkish.

Cap mid-to dark brown with a velvety surface. As young with an inrolled margin, becoming flat or shallowly depressed, often with a central depression. Gills very slightly decurrent, close or nearly distant; white or whitish, remaining pale until old age when pinkish to orangish hues often result from drying milk and spore maturation. Stem pale brown to almost white with a white base. More or less equal. The mushroom has no ring.

Similar species Lactarius fuliginosus has a light brown stem, and the hat color is dark brown.

Lactarius lignyotus on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.
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Lactarius mammosus
Family
Russulaceae
Location
At least in Europe
Dimensions
Cap 2.5-5.5 cm diameter; stem 3-7 cm tall x 0.5-1 cm diameter
Edibility
Inedible

Description
Lactarius mammosus is a largish agaric that has a grey cap and pale gills and stem and exudes white milk. It grows solitary or in scattered groups on boggy soil under coniferous trees, mainly pine.

Cap convex, later flattening or with a depression, sometimes with a fiat to pointed umbo, margin at first somewhat inrolled; brownish, vinaceous-grey to umber or hazel, sometimes with one or more concentric bands; moderately thick, firm, surface dry, of feathery, adpressed fibres breaking into small, low, fibrous scales. Gills adnate to slightly decurrent, crowded; rosy buff, later darker with an orange tinge. Milk white; taste mild, then hot or very hot, the smell of coconut.Spores Spore print cream. Flesh whitish to buff. Stem whitish or tinged with the cap colour, bruising pale cinnamon-brown. It has no ring.

Similar species include Lactarius rufus which has more brown color and Lactarius helvus which exudes transparent milk.
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Lactarius rufus   (Red-hot Lactarius)
Family
Russulaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 3-10 cm diameter, stem 4-8 cm tall * 0.5-2 cm thick
Edibility
Inedible

Description
Lactarius rufus, also know as Red-hot Lactarius, is a small to medium-sized agaric that has a dull reddish-brown cap, creamy white gills and exudes milk that remains white. The flesh tastes very hot after about 30 seconds but can be eaten only after being salted and then pickled.

Cap dry and velvety with a powdery matte texture and never sticky. It is reddish or bay-brown coloured, at first convex with an inrolled margin, later flattened or slightly depressed typically with a small central umbo, Gills first creamy white, later more similarly coloured as the cap, sub-decurrent, which means they travel partially down the stem and are fairly crowded. Spores are off white. Stem is similarly coloured as the cap or more pallid, smooth and tapers off and darkens toward the base. The mushroom has no ring.

Similar species Lactarus hepaticus exudes white milk that stains yellow as it dries.

Lactarius rufus on the www.first-nature.com web site.
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Lactarius tabidus   (Birch Milkcap)
Family
Russulaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 2-4 cm diameter, stem 3-5 cm tall * 0.4-1 cm thick
Edibility
Inedible

Description
Lactarius tabidus, also known as Birch Milkcap, is an inedible small agaric with an orange-brown cap, cinnamon gills that exudes white milk. It grows solitary or in scattered groups on soil under broad-leaf trees, favouring birch.

Cap convex, sometimes with a central umbo, that flattens with age. It varies between orange-brown and a dull chestnut in colour, and the surface is dry and matt. The margin often has tiny lobes and can be crimped or crisped. Gills at first ochraceous-buff, becoming pale cinnamon with a pinkish tinge, adnate or slightly decurrent, narrow and fairly crowded. Spores are cream coloured. Stem colour varies between a reddish-brown and brick coloured, is more or less equal or tapering slightly upwards. The mushroom has no ring.

Similar species other small Lactarius species.

Lactarius tabidus on the www.first-nature.com web site.
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Lactarius torminosus   (Woolly Milkcap)
Family
Russulaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 4-12 cm diameter, stem 4-8 cm tall * 1-2 cm thick
Edibility
Inedible

Description
Lactarius torminosus, also know as Woolly Milkcap, is a largish, salmon-pink, distinctively woolly agaric that exudes milk that stays white. The mushroom is mycorrhizal with birch and often found in open, grassy sites.

Cap at first round with a slightly depressed center and rolled-in margin. Then shallow to severely funnel-shaped. It has a shaggy surface that has zones in shades of orange and orange-brown. Gills are pallid buff or salmon, extending downward, narrow, and crowded. Spores are pale yellowish cream. Stem is similarly colored as the cap but more pallid. It is short, smooth more or less equal or tapering at both ends. The mushroom has no ring.

Similar species Lactarius pubescens is paler with fainter zones. It has a less shaggy cap. Lactarius scoticus is smaller and also pale.

Lactarius torminosus on the www.first-nature.com web site.
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Lactarius trivialis   (Slimy Lead Lactarius)
Family
Russulaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 6-15 cm diameter, stem 6-12 cm tall * 1-2 cm thick
Edibility
Inedible

Description
Lactarius trivialis, also known as the Slimy Lead Lactarius, is an agaric that has a large fleshy cap that is often spotted or fainty concentrically zoned and pale gills and stem. It exudes white milk and grows solitary or in scattered groups on boggy soil under coniferous trees and birches.

Cap smooth, greasy, later depressed in the center and at first purplish violet with darker zones, becoming brownish gray or pinkish beige. Gills pale cream, crowded and slightly decurrent. Spores are pale yellow. Stem may be quite long, pallid with tint of cap colour and later often hollow. The mushroom has no ring.

Similar species Lactarius argillaceflius grows in eastern North America under oaks with gills that stain and age brownish.

Lactarius trivialis on Wikipedia.
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Lactarius turpis   (Ugly Milkcap)
Family
Russulaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 5-15 cm diameter, stem 4-8 cm tall * 1-2.5 cm thick
Edibility
Inedible

Description
Lactarius turpis, also know as Ugly Milkcap, is a large, dull olive-brown agaric that is typically slimy or sticky and exudes white milk. The appearance is distinctive and the English name is very appropriate. It grows solitary or in scattered groups on soil in damp places under birch.

Cap margin at first involute with a somewhat depressed centre. The upper surface is olive-brown or yellow-green and is often sticky or slimy in the middle. When young it has velvety zones and may be shaggy at the rim. Later it becomes funnel-shaped and the colour darkens to blackish. Gills dirty white, stained olive-brown by old milk. Initially white. They are fairly narrow, crowded and extending downward. Stem similar in colour as the cap, but much lighter.

Lactarius turpis on the www.first-nature.com web site.
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WARNING

If you plan to collect fungi to be eaten, misidentified mushrooms can make you sick or kill you. Never eat a mushroom that you are not 100% sure is edible. Use many resources, and be skeptical of your own conclusions. Please consider that many mushrooms take years of experience to identify reliably.

The site takes no responsibility for damage caused by ingesting poisonous mushrooms. If you continue, you agree to view this website under these terms.