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Macrolepiota procera   (Parasol Mushroom)
Family
Agaricaceae
Location
Europe, North America
Dimensions
Cap 10-25 cm diameter; stem 15-30 cm tall * 1-1.5 cm diameter
Edibility
This site contains no information about the edibility or toxicity of mushrooms.

Description
Macrolepiota procera, also known as the Parasol Mushroom, is a spectacularly large, distinctive, pale brownish agaric with a scaly cap, white gills, and a pale brownish stem with a snakeskin pattern and ring. It grows solitary, scattered or clustered on soil in open grassy places and in mixed woods.

Cap pallid brown decorated with darker brown broad scales. It starts off egg-shaped and then bell-shaped until the cap margin detaches from the stripe. The base colour becomes lighter with age. Dark scales appear on top when the brown surface cracks up from the smooth, central bump. The cap flesh is white and does not change significantly when cut. Gills white or pale cream, broad, crowded, free and terminating some distance from the stipe. Stem is distinctive grey-brown with banded markings on a whitish background, long and thin with an onion-shaped base. Above the double-edged ring that often falls off, it is evenly brown and below this, it is irregularly striped in a zigzag pattern. Spore print white or very pale cream.

Microscopic Features: The spores are ellipsoidal in shape, smooth, and have a thick wall. They measure approximately 12-18 x 8-12┬Ám and possess a small germ pore.

Similar species include Chlorophyllum molybdites (False parasol) which has a stouter stalk and a green spore print.

Note: Multiple "parasol mushrooms" in North America may be identified as the Eurasian species Macrolepiota procera. Many, if not all, of these species are undescribed and unnamed.

Macrolepiota procera on the First Nature Web site.
Macrolepiota procera on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.
Macrolepiota procera on the www.mushroomknowhow.com Web site.

Many mushrooms are poisonous and some are lethally poisonous. It can be very difficult to distinguish between an edible and a poisonous mushroom. Because of that, we recommend that you never eat wild mushrooms, and this site does not contain any information about the edibility or toxicity of mushrooms.

Although efforts have been made to ensure accuracy on this website, the information may contain errors and omissions. Therefore, the information presented here is for informational purposes only and should not be relied upon as any basis for consuming any plants or mushrooms.

Links to external websites that provide information about mushrooms are included for reference purposes only. We do not endorse, or assume responsibility for the information, content, or recommendations provided on these external sites.




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