Turbinellus floccosus (Scaly Chanterelle)
North America, Asia
5-15 cm diameter * 8-15 cm tall
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Turbinellus floccosus, also known as the Scaly Chanterelle, has an orange-capped, vase- or trumpet-shaped fruiting body. The lower surface, known as the hymenium, is covered in wrinkles and ridges rather than gills or pores, and it is pale buff, yellowish, or whitish in colour. The mushroom grows mycorrhizal with conifers, including pines, spruces, firs, and hemlocks. It can be found growing alone, scattered, or gregariously.

Fruiting body initially cylindrical, maturing to trumpet- or vase-shaped. There is no clear demarcation between the cap and stipe. The stripe it is solid in younger specimens, though is often hollowed out by insect larvae in older ones. At higher elevations, two or three fruit bodies may arise from one stipe. Coloured with various shades of reddish- to yellowish-orange, the cap surface is broken into scales, with the spaces between more yellow and the scales themselves more orange. The white flesh is fibrous and thick, though thins with age. Somewhat brittle, it can sometimes turn brown when cut or bruised. Spore print yellowish to pale buff.

Microscopic Features: Spores measure 11–16 x 5.5–7 µm and are ellipsoid in shape, with a snout-like apical end; they have a finely verrucose surface and appear hyaline to ochraceous in potassium hydroxide (KOH) solution; they are inamyloid.

Turbinellus floccosus on the MushroomExpert.Com web site.

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